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Womens Rights Win! Happy 90th birthday, 19th Amendment!

Posted by yoMcLovin on August 26, 2010

This month marks the 90th anniversary of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution — often referred to as the Susan B. Anthony amendment — which granted women the right to vote nationwide on Aug. 26, 1920.  Today, more women than men have voted in every presidential election since 1960. Three female justices sit on the Supreme Court. Three women have held the highest cabinet position, Secretary of State. But unlike countries like the U.K., Ireland, India, Costa Rica and Liberia, the U.S. has yet to elect a woman as president.

Timeline of important dates for women’s rights in the US:

1848
Voting rights for women are first seriously proposed at the Seneca Falls Woman’s Rights Convention in upstate New York.
 
1870
15th Amendment says no citizen can be denied the right to vote based on race, color or “previous condition of servitude.”

1893

Colorado is the first state to give women the right to vote. New York did not follow suit until 1917.
 
1916
Margaret Sanger opens the first birth control clinic in the nation, in Brooklyn. She later founded the American Birth Control League, which became Planned Parenthood.

1920
Aug. 26  – The 19th Amendment is signed into law, granting women the right to vote nationwide.

1960
FDA approves birth control pills.

1963
Betty Friedan writes bestseller “The Feminine Mystique.” That same year, Congress passes the Equal Pay Act, making it illegal to for employers to pay women less than a man for the same job. Pay discrimination still continues today, however.
 
1964
Civil Rights Act prevents employment discrimination on the basis of race and sex.
 
1972
Title IX bans sex discrimination in schools, from academic studies to sports.
 
1973
Roe v. Wade gives women the right to have an abortion, and overrides anti-abortion laws in many states.

1978

Pregnancy Discrimination Act says a woman cannot be fired or denied a job or promotion because she is pregnant.
 
2009
President Obama signs the Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Act into law, which makes it easier for women to fight pay discrimination in the workforce.

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